Cleaning Floor Procedures
The machines specialized in the maintenance of floors are of two types:
- Rotary: the most common. They use a rotating plate where you can attach brushes or disc holders to polish, polish, pick, scrub, or sand. There are several rotation speeds, but typically they are either 175 RPM or 1500 to 2000 RPM. The latter are called High Revolution and are used to polish or polish.
- Cylindrical: Little used in Venezuela, but around the world they are becoming popular. They use two cylindrical rotary brushes to clean, polish and strip the floors. They have the advantage of being easier to use, have more pressure against the floor and use less water and chemicals.
- Professionals typically use polishers with discs or brushes to crystallize or polish floors. They are very versatile machines, since among their functions are those of pickling and scrubbing floors to prepare them for their sealing and subsequent crystallization. In addition to that they are used for cleaning carpets when dry.
An automatic scrubber is the equivalent of having mop, tobo juicer, polisher, vacuum cleaner, water and dust, all in one machine. They inject liquid with some chemical to clean, brush the floor, and vacuum the dirty water and contaminants in a single pass, leaving the floor dry and ready to be moved. Some of our scrubbers can use disc holders to polish floors. Others use them for flood control. Being batteries, they are extremely versatile machines that save a lot of labor and multiply the efficiency.
Finally, the High Revolution polishers help to clean floors, but their main function is to polish floors quickly and their advantage is that they are easy to use. Typically they work from 1500 RPM to 2000 RPM which makes them easy to use and much faster than conventional polishers. These machines use a soft non-aggressive disc that restores the shine of the floor. There are not only electric, but also with a propane internal combustion engine, ideal for large areas such as supermarkets, large office areas, etc.
A disadvantage of these gas machines is that they are noisy and therefore tend to be used in hours where the premises are unoccupied. Recently they have appeared machines of high revolution to battery and ultra silent that can be used in office hours without problems.
There are three categories of chemicals that professionals in floor maintenance must take into account in the care of the floors:
- Finishes: also understood as waxes, polishes, polymers or simply chemicals. They are the spearhead of a good floor maintenance program. The finish is what puts the final shine on the floor and at the same time protects it from high heels, scratches, moisture, dirt and traffic marks. Many are anti-slip, thus prevent falls and increase safety. Many facilities want to have a floor with a “wet” finish. There are many products that provide this effect, which can also be medium or low gloss. Over time, when the floors lose their shine, it can be recovered with a high-revolution polisher. Typically, a professional applies between three to six layers of finish on the floors.
- Sealers: many cleaning professionals have stopped using sealants because there are modern finishes that work very well without them. After a floor has been stripped and removed from its finish a sealer is applied. And on this sealant, the finish is applied. There are several reasons to use it: cover the pores of the floor, protect it from dirt and inclemency. It also reduces the amount of finishing that would be needed to have the floor in optimum condition. Finally, it helps protect and maintain high traffic floors that are subject to frequent spotting. There are two types of sealants: solvent based that are permanent, and water based that are semi-permanent. While the use of sealants is on the decline, it is still used for concrete, terrazzo and some stone floors.
- Removers: are the most powerful chemicals used in the maintenance of floors. As the name suggests, they are chemicals used to remove the finish and seal of a floor, as well as the dirt and contaminants present with an industrial black disk polisher or a hard bristle brush. The remover is typically applied with a mop and then the polisher is passed with the appropriate disc while the remover is still wet. As these chemicals are very strong it is recommended to use them as little as possible and follow the manufacturer’s instructions strictly.
The techniques, equipment and chemicals for the maintenance of floors are kept in constant evolution as well as the washing of carpets. They are complex subjects where it is recommended to learn and practice in controlled places for tests of this type.
The first team we recommend to start maintaining the floors is the INDUSTRIAL POLISHER . It is multipurpose, versatile, with good care lasts a lifetime, and is paid in months. It is a machine used to scrub all types of floors, pickle, polish, crystallize, polish, etc. You can use all kinds of brushes of all kinds of bristles and plates to use specialized discs. And as a final point, you could add a high revolution polisher or scrubber to your “arsenal” to speed up jobs and have greater versatility.