How to Clean Different Types of Floors

When cleaning the floor, the germs are eliminated, the bad odors are minimized, and the house recovers its fresh and clean appearance. Here we offer a useful guide on how to clean floors of all kinds, such as vinyl, marble, porcelain and ceramics.

Each of these types of floors, among many, corresponds to its own cleaning product. For example, a marble floor is not the same as a vinyl floor and then requires different methods and cleaning products.

If you decide to use commercial products, it is advisable to read and follow the manufacturer’s instructions in addition to performing an initial test in an inconspicuous strip. If you decide to use other products, such as sodium bicarbonate, it is recommended to read and follow the instructions on the label. Also, do not forget to be cautious and careful in case of combining cleaning products.

How to Clean Floors

cleaning of different floor surfaces

How to polish marble floors

A simple daily cleaning can guarantee that marble floors remain in good condition and, in addition, will help prevent deterioration. Since this material is very delicate, it is very important to take care of it and follow the correct cleaning technique to protect it. For example, we recommend not using items that may scratch or leave stains. In addition, it is advisable to avoid acidic products such as lemon or vinegar, as they could damage the material.

To know how to polish marble floors, you just have to follow these simple steps:

  • Pass a soft cloth moistened in warm water all over the marble surface. This will remove dust and other traces of dirt.
  • Mix neutral liquid detergent in a bucket of warm water, testing it before use in a small area.
  • Dip the cloth in this mixture and run it all over the surface.
  • After a few minutes, dry with a soft, dry and clean cloth.

How to clean vinyl flooring

In addition to carrying out a daily cleaning by passing the broom or the vacuum cleaner and a damp cloth, there are a little more sophisticated cleaning methods. To keep them shiny, you can clean them with a specific commercial product for vinyl flooring. It is always recommended to apply the product in a strip as a test before use.

On the other hand, you can also prepare a solution with mild detergent and water and thus remove any trace of dirt. This method must also be tested before total application to the surface. Stains can be treated by rubbing with a cloth dampened in the cleaning solution. Let it work for a couple of minutes and then rinse and dry with a clean cloth.

Cleaning Porcelain floors

Porcelain tile floors are very common in bathrooms and kitchens. In addition to being very attractive and gleaming, one of their main characteristics is that they are also very delicate and vulnerable. When cleaning them, it is important that you follow the correct technique to prevent damaging them. Here we propose the following general cleaning guide:

  • Pass a broom or vacuum cleaner with soft bristles to remove dust and other traces of dirt.
  • Apply a porcelain floor cleaner diluted in water with a soft cloth and leave it to rest for a few minutes, only if no damage has been observed to the partially treated surface.
  • If it is unpolished porcelain, you can rub with a soft bristle brush. Polished porcelain can be scrubbed with a soft cloth, while textured porcelain should be rubbed with a stiff brush.
  • To rinse, pass a clean cloth. It is necessary to ensure that all residues of the product are removed, as they could cause new spots.

Clean ceramic floors

  • Pass a broom or vacuum cleaner with soft bristles to remove dust and other traces of dirt. Be sure to clean the accumulated dirt in the joints of the tiles.
  • Pass a cloth moistened in a solution of warm water and cleaner for ceramic floors. You can try the  Cif Flats Concentrated Capsules , which is ideal for this task.
  • Use a soft cloth to scrub the entire surface.
  • Rub the joints of the tiles with a toothbrush in disuse. If they are very noticeable, you can sprinkle some bicarbonate.
  • Rinse the rag in clean water until any cleaner residue disappears and run over the entire surface.
  • To make the floor shine, use a soft cloth and

Laminate floors

Laminate floors are similar to hardwood floors, the only difference is that they must take much more care.

We know it’s an arduous job, and that’s why we’ll give you the perfect trick to keep it clean.

First you must know that although it is very delicate, few things damage this type of soil. To clean it, you will simply need to mop dry or vacuum the floor.

Hardwood floors

Wood floors are usually the most popular and bring two types of finishes: polyurethane or wax.

If you can see a stain on this type of floor, it is likely to be waxed, since these floors are protected by sheets and sealed, remaining protected from stains and water damage.

To clean them, you should mix ¼ cup of neutral soap with water in a bucket. Moisten the rag, and pass it on the ground.

It is important that you then use a microfiber cloth rag to dry the floor and avoid moisture in it.

Bamboo floors

The bamboo floor is characterized by being very beautiful, delicate and soft. But, since everything has its negative side, this type of flooring is more prone to scratches compared to wooden floors.

To clean them you must mix ¼ cup of neutral pH soap in a bucket of water and you must pass it with a moistened mop, cleaning the excess with the microfiber cloth.

The cleaning of this floor is very similar to that of laminate floors.

Stone floors

Stone floors are extremely delicate, even a small amount of acid can damage them.

Therefore, if you have stone tiles, clean them with a microfiber cloth and hot water.

Do not use chemicals because they can get through the stone and damage it.

Tiled floors

These floors are a bit simpler to clean, for this you will need to mix ¼ cup of vinegar, and a drop of dish soap in a bowl of warm water.

With the help of the microfiber mop, you will get some glowing tiles.

Cleaning Floor Procedures


The machines specialized in the maintenance of floors are of two types:

  • Rotary: the most common. They use a rotating plate where you can attach brushes or disc holders to polish, polish, pick, scrub, or sand. There are several rotation speeds, but typically they are either 175 RPM or 1500 to 2000 RPM. The latter are called High Revolution and are used to polish or polish.
  • Cylindrical: Little used in Venezuela, but around the world they are becoming popular. They use two cylindrical rotary brushes to clean, polish and strip the floors. They have the advantage of being easier to use, have more pressure against the floor and use less water and chemicals.
  • Professionals typically use polishers with discs or brushes to crystallize or polish floors. They are very versatile machines, since among their functions are those of pickling and scrubbing floors to prepare them for their sealing and subsequent crystallization. In addition to that they are used for cleaning carpets when dry.

An automatic scrubber is the equivalent of having mop, tobo juicer, polisher, vacuum cleaner, water and dust, all in one machine. They inject liquid with some chemical to clean, brush the floor, and vacuum the dirty water and contaminants in a single pass, leaving the floor dry and ready to be moved. Some of our scrubbers can use disc holders to polish floors. Others use them for flood control. Being batteries, they are extremely versatile machines that save a lot of labor and multiply the efficiency.

Finally, the High Revolution polishers help to clean floors, but their main function is to polish floors quickly and their advantage is that they are easy to use. Typically they work from 1500 RPM to 2000 RPM which makes them easy to use and much faster than conventional polishers. These machines use a soft non-aggressive disc that restores the shine of the floor. There are not only electric, but also with a propane internal combustion engine, ideal for large areas such as supermarkets, large office areas, etc.

A disadvantage of these gas machines is that they are noisy and therefore tend to be used in hours where the premises are unoccupied. Recently they have appeared machines of high revolution to battery and ultra silent that can be used in office hours without problems.


There are three categories of chemicals that professionals in floor maintenance must take into account in the care of the floors:

  • Finishes: also understood as waxes, polishes, polymers or simply chemicals. They are the spearhead of a good floor maintenance program. The finish is what puts the final shine on the floor and at the same time protects it from high heels, scratches, moisture, dirt and traffic marks. Many are anti-slip, thus prevent falls and increase safety. Many facilities want to have a floor with a “wet” finish. There are many products that provide this effect, which can also be medium or low gloss. Over time, when the floors lose their shine, it can be recovered with a high-revolution polisher. Typically, a professional applies between three to six layers of finish on the floors.
  • Sealers: many cleaning professionals have stopped using sealants because there are modern finishes that work very well without them. After a floor has been stripped and removed from its finish a sealer is applied. And on this sealant, the finish is applied. There are several reasons to use it: cover the pores of the floor, protect it from dirt and inclemency. It also reduces the amount of finishing that would be needed to have the floor in optimum condition. Finally, it helps protect and maintain high traffic floors that are subject to frequent spotting. There are two types of sealants: solvent based that are permanent, and water based that are semi-permanent. While the use of sealants is on the decline, it is still used for concrete, terrazzo and some stone floors.
  • Removers: are the most powerful chemicals used in the maintenance of floors. As the name suggests, they are chemicals used to remove the finish and seal of a floor, as well as the dirt and contaminants present with an industrial black disk polisher or a hard bristle brush. The remover is typically applied with a mop and then the polisher is passed with the appropriate disc while the remover is still wet. As these chemicals are very strong it is recommended to use them as little as possible and follow the manufacturer’s instructions strictly.

Let’s start!

18 “Industrial Polisher

The techniques, equipment and chemicals for the maintenance of floors are kept in constant evolution as well as the washing of carpets. They are complex subjects where it is recommended to learn and practice in controlled places for tests of this type.

The first team we recommend to start maintaining the floors is the INDUSTRIAL POLISHER . It is multipurpose, versatile, with good care lasts a lifetime, and is paid in months. It is a machine used to scrub all types of floors, pickle, polish, crystallize, polish, etc. You can use all kinds of brushes of all kinds of bristles and plates to use specialized discs. And as a final point, you could add a high revolution polisher or scrubber to your “arsenal” to speed up jobs and have greater versatility.