You may assume that a roof is not a big deal and that only one model fits all. However, this is not the case. Roofing is equally essential, and adequate time should be taken to find the right type of roof for your building construction. But deciding on the right roof for your house can be a daunting task.
Choosing the right roof will not only accentuate the look and the design of your home but also adequately protect the occupants. The right roof can also provide additional space in your home and also make it more energy-efficient.
Types of roofing Metals for your shed home or Office
- Bonnet Roof
Bonnet roofs were commonly used in the 1700s by the Polish and Germans. They built houses, especially the greenhouses, with bonnet roofs because it effectively acted as the plant’s protection shield. Bonnet roofs were also a typical roofing construction in the Mississippi areas due to the creole architecture influence.
Commonly known as Kicked-eaves, bonnet roofs have a double sloped roof on every side with the lower slope less steep than the upper sides. The lower slope also hangs over the sides of the houses, giving the house more room for a porch, which is why you will find that the homes with porches have a bonnet roof.
The other advantage of bonnet roof is that it provides additional spaces for vaulted ceilings or an attic. It also more durable than the other types of roofs because of its modified hip structures.
Bonnet roofs can also be made from any material, including metal and stone. However, due to it’s unusual and complicated design style, it is a bit difficult and also requires more building materials to construct.
- Saltbox Roof
A saltbox roof is an example of American architectural design. This type of roof is a pitched roof with both sides sloping from the central ridge. However, not all the sides are equal; one will be longer than the other hence the asymmetrical look. The lower floor of the house with a saltbox roof has a chimney. However, this does not mean it’s a definite rule; it’s just what people have preferred to construct it.
Saltbox roof was a standard roofing construction in England in the 17th century as people looked to expand their homes. They added a room on the back of the main house and extended the main house’s roof instead of having a new roof altogether.
The advantage of a saltbox roof is that its design makes it easy for water to run through, which is suitable for areas that receive too much rainfall. It is asymmetrical design makes it durable and also gives the home additional living space.
Saltbox roofs can also be made from most building materials.
Nonetheless, it can be expensive to construct because of its design. Some of the rooms in a saltbox roofed home can have slanted roofs.
- Flat Roof
Flat roofs are a common feature, especially in commercial buildings. However, a flat roof doesn’t mean the roofs are entirely flat. Flat roofs have a slope of not more than half an inch, which is low to allow easy draining of water when it rains.
Flat roofs come in four different types: membrane roofing, built-up roofing, fiberglass roofing, and Liquid roofing.
- Membrane roofing. Also known as single-ply roofs, membrane roofs are commonly used in residential buildings. They are usually made from either rubber or plastic materials. The roofs have ethylene propylene diene monomer(EPDM) rubber sheets on top and an insulation board on the bottom.
- Built-up roof. The roofs have at least three layers. The bottom layer consists of insulation boards; the center layer consists of asphalt, and the top consists of a layer of gravel.
- Liquid flat roofs. These type of roofs is recommended for the buildings that have a complex structure. The liquid is applied on the roof deck to create one seamless cover. Liquid flat roofing though expensive requires less labor and time.
- Fiberglass roofing. This type of flat roofing is more expensive compared to the other flat roofing styles. It consists of glass-reinforced plastic, which is laid in two less complicated layers. The final product is a light, durable, and smooth finish.
The advantage of using a flat roof is that it offers additional living space, especially for a patio or only storage space. The flat roof design is also advantageous because you get to have a space for installing solar panels.
However, the flat surfaces make it more susceptible to water damage because they do not drain water quickly. For this reason, flat roofs are not advisable for areas that receive too much rainfall.
- Gable Roofs
A gable roof is a standard roofing style around the world. If you ask a preschooler to describe a gable-roofed house, they could. Because it’s that easy. A gable roof is simply a roof that flops on both sides from the central ridge. It also made from additional materials that include roof trusses and rafters.
There are several different types of a gable roof. They include:
- Open gable roof. This type of roof resembles a pyramid on a square construction. The roofs join on the sides to form a single peak.
- Box gable roof. The two sides of the hip roofs are slopping in such a way that one of them (the upper roof) is steeper than others.
- Cross-gabled roof. The sides of the roof meet at 90-degrees.
- Gambrel roof. This type of roof is polygonal in shape; the sides of the roof rise steeply to form something similar to a church steeple.
- Flying gable roof. Also known as a prow gable roof, the flying gable roof ridge extends much further than eave overhang to form a point at the end of the ridge.
The advantages of using a gable roof are that it sheds water quickly hence less risk of water damage. So if you are in an area that receives too much rainfall or snow gable roof is the recommended roof for you.
Gable roofs are also easy and cheap to install; however, they are not suitable for hurricane-prone areas, and if they are not properly constructed, they can be easily blown away.
- Mansard Roof
Mansard roof is commonly referred to as a French roof. It is made from four-sided roofs that have a double slope on every side, which appears like the gambrel roof design. The two meet on the central part to form a low pitched roof. Depending on your preferred style, the sides can be either flat or curved.
Mansard roof was a typical roofing style in the 17th century, but it was made famous by Francois Mansart when he used it on the Paris hotel and the chateaus of Balleroy.
Mansard roof creates additional floor space in the building, which can be used as an attic, which is called an attic. They are also great for people looking for more home addition in the future. This type of roofing is also simple to install and does not require too much labor.
However, a mansard roof is not advisable for areas receiving too much rainfall or snow. Its detailed construction and all the design make it more expensive to construct.
A mansard roof can be made from materials that give it a unique design such as copper or zinc. Even though these materials can be expensive, they can go for years without any damage.
- Skillion Roof
Skillion roofs as many names that describe it, they include: mono-pitched, pent, shed and lean-to roof. The skillion roof is a single roof that is sloping and attached to another roof surface or a wall. You will find this type of roofs on homes that have an added room.
The benefit of using skillion roofs is that due to its steep pitch, water and snow can efficiently run through. People living in areas that receive too much rainfall or snow can benefit immensely with a skillion roof.
Skillion roofs require less building materials and, therefore, easy to assemble. The building material to be used include standing seam.
Skillion roofs are not recommended for an area that receives too many winds.
- Butterfly Roof
Butterfly roofs have been around since the 20th-century mid-century architecture in the USA. They were also a conventional architectural design in Georgia and Victorian houses. The butterfly roof consists of two roofs sloping down from opposite sides to form a valley in the middle of the roof. This inversion creates butterfly wings look hence the name.
The butterfly roof’s upper angle creates a room for large windows to be installed hence giving the room more natural light.
The disadvantage of using butterfly roofs is that their complexities and the difficulty of installation make it expensive.
Roofs are an essential addition to a home, besides protection, a proper roof adds to the curb appeal of the house. For this reason, you need to know all the types of roofs available so that you can make an informed decision.